Digital Audio Tape or simply put, DAT, is a signal recording and playback standard medium. DAT was developed by Sony and introduced in 1987. Digital Audio Tape has become the standard recording and archiving technology in professional recording environments for master recordings. The technology is based on video recorders and the 4 mm tape and also the rotary head configuration is closely similar to 8 mm from Sony.
EIA is the abbreviation Electronic Industries Association. EIA is the United States national association of electronic manufacturers. EIA has developed various industry standards for the interference between data processing machines and data communication equipment. EIA ceased operation in 2011 but the former sectors (TIA – Telecommunications Industry Association, ECA – Electronic Components Association, JEDEC, CEA – Consumer Electronics Association, GEIA – Government Electronics and Information Technology Association – TechAmerica) continue to serve the constituencies of EIA.